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如何搭建lamp(CentOS7+Apache+MySQL+PHP)环境

2019年2月20日 - Php

本身在网上搜了诸多连锁资料,然后本身开展了一下组成,把重复的解除,不重复的选用性获取过滤,整合完了后来在地面虚拟机上尝试搭建了下,很顺畅的搭建成功。

在网上搜资料,本身在该地虚拟机上尝试搭建,弄了全副一天一夜,终于弄好了.
网上的材料,固然很多,但几乎都以再度的,拿去试了随后,又很多都无法博得不错的结果.最后找到了符合小编的linux环境的搭建格局;在那里贴出来:
Install Apache, PHP And MySQL On CentOS 7
(LAMP)

度娘真不给力啊,没搜出来可靠的点子。最终用喜乐搜找到的可靠的课程。

虚拟机:win10种类自带的杜撰机Hyper-v(虚拟机都差不离)

那边依然要计算一下自笔者的LAMP环境的搭建步骤。
自家先在电脑里装了虚拟机,在虚拟机中测试了数次从此,再在服务器上搭建的。
说说作者的环境:
虚拟机是:VMware-workstation-full-8.0.0-471780.exe;
Linux系统用的是:CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1503-01.ios;(Ali云上也是用的CentOS7-64bit)
防微杜渐好那多少个之后,就初叶一步一步搭建大家的LAMP环境了。

Linux系统:centos7

① 、安装虚拟机

推介先在虚拟机中测试了以后,再在服务器上搭建环境。

二、安装CentOS7

壹 、安装虚拟机

注意:以下安装,我都是用的root权限。

二、安装CentOS7

三、安装Apache
1.安装
yum -y install httpd
2.开启apache服务
systemctl start httpd.service
3.装置apache服务开机运转
systemctl enable httpd.service
4.验证apache劳动是不是安装成功
在本机浏览器中输入虚拟机的ip地址,CentOS7查看ip地址的法子为:
ip addr
(Ali云不要求用这种格局查看,外网ip已经在您主机列表这里给你写出来了的;)
此处是造访不成事的
(阿里云用外网访问,能得逞,不须要做以下步骤)
查了材料,说法是,CentOS7用的是Firewall-cmd,CentOS7之前用的是iptables防火墙;要想让外网能访问到apache主目录,就需求做以下的操作:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload
接下来再拜访外网ip,假如看到apache暗许的页面–有Testing
123…字样,便是马到功成安装了apache服务了;

注意:以下安装,我都是用的root权限。

四、安装PHP
1.安装
yum -y install php
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd或者systemctl restart httpd.service
下一场,你可以写二个php文件在浏览器中运作一下了;
eg:
vi /var/www/html/info.php
i
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Esc
:wq
接下来,在协调电脑浏览器输入 192.168.1.1/info.php
运营,会冒出php的一部分新闻

三、安装Apache
1.安装
yum -y install httpd
2.开启apache服务
systemctl start httpd.service
3.装置apache服务开机运维
systemctl enable httpd.service
4.验证apache劳动是不是安装成功
在本机浏览器中输入虚拟机的ip地址,若是看到apache私自认同的页面–有Testing
123…字样,便是马到成功安装了apache服务了。

五、安装MySQL
自身那边依据所学的老大教程,也安装了玛丽亚DB
1.安装
yum -y install mariadb-service mariadb
2.开启MySQL服务
systemctl start mariadb.service
3.设置开机运营MySQL服务
systemctl enable mariadb.service
4.装置root帐户的密码
mysql_secure_installation
然后会并发一串东西,可以仔细读一下,假诺你懒得读,就在提醒出来的时候,按Enter就好了,让你设置密码的时候,你就输入你想要的密码就行,然后继续在让你挑选y/n是,Enter就好了;当一切停止的时候,你可以输入mysql -uroot -p的法子,验证一下;

CentOS7查看ip地址的点子为:
ip addr
做客应该是失利的,原因如下:
查了资料,说法是,CentOS7用的是Firewall-cmd,CentOS7此前用的是iptables防火墙;要想让外网能访问到apache主目录,就必要做以下的操作:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload
下一场再拜访外网ip,就可以了。

六 、将PHP和MySQL关联起来
yum search php,选用你须要的设置:yum -y install php-mysql

四、安装PHP
1.安装
yum -y install php
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd或者systemctl restart httpd.service
接下来,你可以写二个php文件在浏览器中运行一下了;
eg:
vi /var/www/html/info.php
i
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Esc
:wq
然后,在融洽电脑浏览器输入 10.17.1.223/info.php
运作,会油不过生php的有的消息

柒 、安装常用的PHP模块
例如,GD库,curl,mbstring,…
1.安装:
yum -y install php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd.service
接下来,再一次在浏览器中运作info.php,你会看到安装的模块的新闻;

五、安装MySQL
安装MariaDB
1.安装
yum install mariadb mariadb-server mariadb-libs mariadb-devel
2.开启MySQL服务
systemctl start mariadb.service
3.设置开机运行MySQL服务
systemctl enable mariadb.service
4.数据库安全设置

时至后日,LAMP环境就搭建好了。

[root@localhost ~]#
mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT
IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ
EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure
it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user. If you’ve
just installed MariaDB, and
you haven’t set the root password yet,
the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter
here.

Enter current password for root (enter
for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving
on…

Setting the root password ensures that
nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper
authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n]
y

New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
… Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has
an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to
have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing,
and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove
them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
y

… Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to
connect from ‘localhost’. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the
root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
n

… skipping.

By default, MariaDB comes with a
database named ‘test’ that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for
testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production
environment.

Remove test database and access to it?
[Y/n] y

Reloading the privilege tables will
ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
y

… Success!

Cleaning up…

All done! If you’ve completed all of the
above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be
secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

5.登陆数据库测试

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot
-p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands
end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is
11
Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB
Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle,
MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type
‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> show
databases;
+——————–+
| Database |
+——————–+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| performance_schema |
+——————–+
3 rows in set (0.02 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]>

⑥ 、将PHP和MySQL关联起来
``yum -y install php-mysql

⑦ 、安装常用的PHP模块
例如,GD库,curl,mbstring,…
1.安装:
yum -y install php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd.service
接下来,再度在浏览器中运维info.php,你会合到安装的模块的消息;

至此,LAMP环境就搭建好了。

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